- Age: The chances of breast cancer increase as we get older.
- Family history: The risk of breast cancer is higher among women who have relatives with the disease.
- Menstruation: Women who started their menstrual cycle at a younger age (before 12) or went through menopause later (after 55) have a slightly increased risk.
- Race: White women have a higher risk of developing breast cancer, but African-American women tend to have more aggressive tumors when they do develop breast cancer.
- Having no children or the first child after age 30 increases the risk of breast cancer.
- Breastfeeding for 1 ½ to 2 years might slightly lower the risk of breast cancer.
- Being overweight increases the risk of breast cancer.
- Use of oral contraceptives in the last 10 years increases the risk of breast cancer.
- Using combined hormone therapy after menopause increases the risk of breast cancer.
- Alcohol use increases the risk of breast cancer.
- Exercise seems to lower the risk of breast cancer.
HOW TO IDENTIFY (Female)
- Discharge from nipple or color change of nipple
- Breast or nipple pain
- Swelling of part of the breast or dimpling.
- Radiation exposure
- Hyperestrogenism (a condition marked by the presence of excess estrogen in the body)
- Cirrhosis (scarring) of the liver
- Men who have several female relatives with breast cancer also have an increased risk for development of the disease.
HOW TO IDENTIFY (Male)
- The most common sign of breast cancer in men is a firm, non-painful mass located just below the nipple.
- Skin changes in the area of the nipple.
- Bloody or opaque discharge from the nipple.
HOW TO CHECK BREASTS FOR BREAST CANCER
- TOUCH your breasts. Can you feel anything unusual?
- LOOK for changes. Is there any change in shape or texture?
- CHECK anything unusualwith your doctor.
WHAT CAN WE DO TO REDUCE THE RISK
- Limiting alcohol.
- Controlling weight.
- Getting plenty of physical activity.
- Discontinuing hormone therapy.
- Avoiding exposure to environmental pollution
Let us say a little prayer for all the sufferers of breast cancer!
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